Up to 1300

I have included dates on either side of the main conflict, in an attempt to give a broader view of the period as a whole and to place certain events in greater context, given the history.



Year Day/Date Event
1293

1293   Philippe de Valois, future King Philippe VI of France is born.
1312

1312 13 November A son, the future Edward III of England, is born to Edward II of England and Queen Isabella, at Windsor castle.
1313

1313 July Philippe, Comte de Valois, marries Jeanne de Bourgogne.
1314

1314 24 January Philippa of Hainault, wife of Edward III of England, is born.
1316

1316 26 June After two and a half years, and in response to pressure from Philippe V of France, a conclave of Cardinals assembles at Lyon in France to select a pope.
1316 7 August Jaques d'Euse, Cardinal-Bishop of Porto is enthroned as pope John XXII. This ends the two and a half year struggle amongst the Cardinals to find a pope.
1316 5 September John XXII leaves Lyon for Avignon, where he makes his residence.
1317

1317 February An assemblage of nobles gathers in Paris to ratify the coronation of Philippe V, stating that "A woman cannot succeed to the throne and kingdom of France"
1317 13 March Given the rival emperors (Louis of Bavaria and Frederick of Austria) in the Holy Roman Empire, pope John XXII states that all imperial jurisdiction resides with the papacy.
1317 July Pope John XXII, pursuing the policy that the papacy holds all imperial jurisdiction in the absence of a clear emperor, appoints king Robert of Sicily as imperial vicar for Italy.
1318

1318 23 January After a lengthy investigation pope John XXII declares many of the doctrines of the 'Spiritual' Franciscans to be in error. Those who refused to accept this judgment were treated as heretics, and many were burned, though some escaped to Sicily.
1319

1319   John XXII, in an attempt to increase the finances of the papacy, declares that all the minor benefices falling vacant for the next three years were reserved for the pope to dispose of, thus ensuring himself the annates, a fee that customarily went along with receiving a benefice. He also diverted the estates of deceased bishops into the papal treasury, and demanded special subsidies from some archbishops.
1319 26 April A son, the future Jean II, is born to King Philippe VI of France and Jeanne de Bourgogne.
1320

1320    
1321

1321    
1322

1322   Louis de Nevers, age 18, becomes Count of Flanders
1322   Pope John XXII declares that the theory that Christ and his apostles had no possessions, either individually or in common, is null and void, despite the defense put forward by Michael of Cesena, general of the Franciscan order.
1322 28 September Louis of Bavaria writes the pope, saying that he has overcome his rival for the throne of the Holy Roman Empire. The pope writes a friendly letter in response.
1323

1323   Edward II makes a truce with the Scots, to last 13 years.
1323   Pope John XXII declares that the assertion that Christ and his apostles had no possessions, either individually or in common, and that they could not legitimately dispose of what they had for personal use to be heretical, provoking a great outcry amongst the Franciscans.
1323 2 March Acting as legitimate emperor, Louis of Bavaria appoints Berthold von Neiffen as imperial vicar of Italy. Pope John XXII responds to this by saying that approval of a German king for the imperial dignity was a prerogative of the pope, and that Louis must not use any of the imperial rights until that was settled, that he must recall all commands already issued, give no further aid or support to the enemies of the church, and must appear before the pope within three months, the penalty for failure in any of these things being excommunication. Louis initial response is to send an embassy to the pope asking for an additional two months.
1323 16 November Louis of Bavaria declares that he does not recognize either the pope's actions, or his claim to examine the election of a German, accuses him of countenancing heretics, and proposed calling a council to judge him.
1324

1324   In response to the uproar regarding his declaration concerning the possessions of Christ and the apostles, pope John XXII issues a bull re-affirming his previous statements, and declaring those who opposed this decision heretics and enemies of the Church.
1324 23 March Louis of Bavaria having made no steps towards reconciliation, and having failed to appear at Avignon, pope John XXII proceeds to excommunicate him.
1324 22 May Louis of Baviara publishes an appeal against the judgment of the pope, in which he accuses John XXII of heresy, protecting heretics, and an enmity to the empire and appeals the decision to a general council.
1324 11 July In response to Louis of Bavaria's persecution of those German cardinals who recognized the validity of the bull of excommunication pope John XXII declares that Louis' rights to imperial recognition were withdrawn.
1325

1325   Queen Isabella leaves England for France, theoretically to negotiate with he brother King Charles IV of France on behalf of her husband, Edward II of England.
1325 31 May Queen Isabella concludes a treaty with her brother Charles the Fair, king of France, on behalf of her husband, Edward II of England in regards to the duchy of Guienne.
1325 2 September Edward, Prince of Wales, is made duke of Aquitaine.
1325 10 September Edward, Prince of Wales, is made count of Ponthieu.
1325 12 September Edward, Prince of Wales, in the charge of Walter Stapeldon, bishop of Exeter, leave from Dover for France to do homage in place of King Edward II for the Duchy of Aquitaine.
1325 24 September Edward, Prince of Wales, does homage to King Charles IV of France at Vincennes for the Duchy of Aquitaine.
1325   Queen Isabella removes the Prince of Wales from Walter Stapeldon's charge, denying him access to both herself and the Prince.
1325 Mid November Walter Stapeldon, disguised as a common traveler, flees Paris in secret and returns to England.
1326

1326   The headquarters of the Bardi bank in London is sacked by a mob.
1326   A daughter, Marie, is born to Philippe VI, King of France and Jeanne de Bourgogne.
1326   Oliver Ingham is appointed Seneschal of Gascony. He is recalled within the year, after the fall of the Despencers, in the interests of peace with France.
1326 January - February Isabella, Queen of England, begins to recruit mercenaries from amongst the nobility of France.
1326 28 February Duke Leopold of Austria dies, thereby ending a treaty between him and Charles I, king of France, supported and ratified by pope John XXII, to depose Louis of Bavaria and place Leopold on the throne.
1326 May Queen Isabella, with Roger Mortimer at her side, appears at the coronation of the new queen of France with a large and showy retinue, displaying her new strength. This is duly reported to Edward II, and she is banished from the French court, bringing her military preparations in France to an end.
1326 August Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer take up residence at Valenciennes, in Hainault. There they arrange for Edward, Prince of Wales to be betrothed to Philippa, the daughter of Guillaume I, Count of Hainault.
1326   Edward II orders the removal of all French monks in English monasteries, and imposes restrictions on the movements of French travelers in England.
1326 16 August In response to King Edward II's actions King Charles IV orders the arrest of all Englishmen in France, and the confiscation of half their property. Edward responds in kind when he hears the news.
1326 23 September Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, with 700 volunteers from Hainault under the Count of Hainault's brother Jean sail from Dortrecht for England.
1326 24 September Queen Isabella, Mortimer and the Hainault volunteers arrive Orwell, in Suffolk. The country rapidly rises in their favor, and Edward II is forced to flee westward, to Glamorganshire.
1326 26 October Edward, Prince of Wales is declared Keeper of the Realm by Queen Isabella & Roger Mortimer, Earl of March.
1326 16 November Edward II is captured at Neath by Henry, Earl of Leicester, and confined to captivity at Kenilworth.
1327

1327 13 January Parliament, summoned to Westminster, declares that Edward II is no longer King of England. A few days later Edward II abdicates in favor of his 14 year old son in the great hall at Kenilworth.
1327 1 February Coronation of Edward III.
1327 February Louis of Bavaria holds a congress at Trent with the principal adversaries of the pope.
1327 30 March The Most Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths is chartered in England
1327 31 March Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer conclude a treaty with Charles IV of France for peace in the Aquitaine, in which all of the recent conquests of Oliver Ingham, Seneschal of Aquitaine, are returned to French control, and a reparations payment of 50, 000 marks is to be made.
1327 3 April Pope John XXII declares Louis of Bavaria's rights to the German crown, all fiefs held from the church and former sovereigns, as well as the duchy of Bavaria, forfeited. Furthermore he accused him of heresy for defending doctrines the church had repudiated, and of harboring the heretics Marsilius and John of Gentian, and summons Louis to appear before him within six months.
1327 30 May Louis of Bavaria receives the crown of Lombardy from two deposed bishops, and creates several new bishops.
1328

1328   A census of taxable households compiled by officials of the French treasury counts 2,469,987 households in 24,000 parishes throughout the kingdom of France. This does not take into account the population of the great fiefs and appanages, where the Crown does not tax.
1328   Louis of Bavaria sets out for Rome.
1328   Pope John XXII renews he sentence against Louis of Bavaria, and had gone so far as to call a crusade against him, calling for the Germans princes to hold a new election. He also excommunicates Michael of Cesena, William of Occam, and Bonagratia di Bergamo.
1328 17 January Louis of Bavaria receives the imperial crown at Rome from senator Sciarra Colonna.
1328   A son, Louis, is born to Philippe VI of France and Jeanne de Bourgogne. but he dies the same day.
1328 24 January Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault are married at York Minster.
1328 1 February Charles IV of France, on his deathbed, declares that unless his wife, then pregnant, bears a son that the Crown of France will pass to his cousin Philippe, Comte de Valois.
1328   Charles IV of France dies. His body is laid in state in Notre Dame cathedral.
1328 February The regency of France and Navarre is entrusted to Philippe de Valois, Count of Valois, Maine and Anjou.
1328 5 February The body of Charles IV is taken to Saint-Denis, with a huge procession.
1328 1 April Queen Jeanne, widow of Charles IV, delivers a daughter.
1328 18 April Senator Sciarra Colonna, in the name of Louis of Bavaria, declares pope John XXII an heretic, usurper and oppressor of the church, and deprived of all his papal dignities.
1328 12 May Pietro Rainalducci of Corbario, a spiritual Franciscan, is proclaimed pope by Louis of Bavaria. Ten days later he is consecrated as Nicholas V.
1328 20 May The bishops of Coventry and Worcester arrive in Rheims to present Edward III's case for the title of King before the French nobility. They never perform their mission, claiming to have been subjected to ugly threats by Philippe VI's supporters, and leaving after signing a protest recording what happened.
1328 25 May Having responded to the pope's summons, and having refused to yield to the pope in the matter of the doctrine of Christ's possessions, Michael of Cesena, accompanied by William of Occam and Bonagratia di Bergamo, flees Avignon, rather than be imprisoned, and seeks protection from Louis of Bavaria.
13428 29 May Confirmed by a council of nobles that passes over the claims of Edward III of England, and in keeping with the will of the late King Charles, Philippe de Valois is crowned as Philippe VI of France.
1328 July Philippe VI leads his army into Flanders in support of his vassal, the Comte de Flanders, Louis de Nevers.
1328 Summer On the advice of Robert d'Artois, his brother-in-law and advisor, Philippe VI takes possession of the County of Artois while Robert's claim to the county is reviewed.
1328 23 August Battle of Cassel. Philippe de Valois, king of France, crushes the rebellious Flemish burghers, who had risen against the Count of Flanders.
1328 September Philippe VI sends heralds, and the Abbot of Fécamp, to demand the homage of Edward III for the Aquitaine. Queen Isabella gives him a chilly reception, according to one report saying that Edward III 'was the son of a king, and would not do homage to the son of a count'. Edward declines, and Philippe sends the Abbot of Fécamp and another commissioner to Aquitaine to sequester the ducal revenues until Edward III does homage, and threatens to make war.
1328 Winter - Spring Roger Mortimer puts down the beginnings of a rebellion by the Earl of Lancaster, who had gathered an army consisting of Edward III's uncles, the Earls of Kent and Norfolk, as well as a good portion of the baronage of the realm. Kent and Norfolk are lured away by Queen Isabella, and the rebellion collapses.
1329

1329 January A second embassy from Philippe VI of France arrives in England, again demanding homage for the Aquitaine. On hearing the advice from lords of Parliament that his claim to the French throne was unsustainable, and that is was thus his duty to do homage for his French territories, Edward III responds to Philippe's ambassadors that he will do the king of France required, and writes to Philippe regretting that the press of business had prevented him from doing so earlier.
1329 6 June Edward III does simple homage to Philippe VI for his possessions in the Aquitaine in Amiens cathedral. While this is sufficient for the moment, Philippe VI soon sets a firm date by which Edward III was to either perform liege homage or loose Aquitaine.
1329   Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland dies. The crown of Scotland passes to his son, David II, who is six, and a regency led by Thomas, Earl of Moray.
1329 September William Montague, a disaffected protégé of Mortimer's, warns the Pope that Edward III is not his own master while on a mission to Avignon for the English government
1329 November The aged Countess d'Artois dies, leaving her estates to her daughter, the duchess of Burgundy. This ends Robert d'Artois' case for the Comte, as the duke of Burgundy is not only one of Philippe's brothers-in-law, but one of the great magnates of the realm.
1329 December Robert d'Artois is dismissed from the royal favor, and criminal proceedings are begun against him when it is discovered that the documents he had rendered to support his claim to the county of Artois were forged at his order. Robert flees to the Low Countries, and all his possessions are confiscated.
1329 Christmas A great council of magnates is held at Eltham where Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer raise some support for the defense of the Aquitaine and Gascony.
1330

1330   Louis of Bavaria, having made himself unpopular with his tax levies and finding his supporters in Italy dwindling away, returns to Germany
1330 March Parliament meets at Winchester to discuss the defense of the Aquitaine. No tax is voted, but some of the individual peers are convinced to make personal contributions.
1330   The Earl of Kent is arrested at Parliament. Having been convinced that his brother Edward II was still alive he had given his support to a plot to release him from his captivity. He is tried and hurriedly condemned to death.
1330 April Edward III's brother is sent to Gascony as royal lieutenant, with an escort of troops and forty ships.
1330 May Louis of Bavaria, through the intermediaries Baldwin, archbishop of Trier, John, king of Bohemia, and Otto, duke of Austria, enters into negotiations with pope John XXII. The pope responds demanding Louis' complete abdication of all claims to the imperial title.
1330 Summer Roger Mortimer tightens his grip on King Edward III, restricting access to him, and appointing his own men as attendants.
1330 ? June Edward Plantagenet, Prince of Wales, (later called the Black Prince), is born at Woodstock palace.
1330   William Ayrmin, Bishop of Norwich, arrives in the French court to negotiate a postponement of Edward III's homage for the Aquitaine.
1330 8 June A son, Louis, is born to Philippe VI of France and Jeanne de Bourgogne, but dies before the end of the month.
1330 28 July The latest deadline set by Philippe VI for Edward III's homage expires. Edward is declared to be in default, and Philippe gives him until 15 December to appear, or be judged in absentia.
1330 25 August Antipope Nicholas V publicly acknowledges his guilt at Avignon, and is granted absolution by pope, becoming once again Pietro Rainalducci of Corbario. He is not allowed to leave the city, however, and spends the rest of his life (three years) in prayer and penance.
1330 September Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer move to Nottingham with a large bodyguard.
1330 6 September William Ayrmin returns to England and reports on the failure of his mission. A great council is summoned, set for mid-October to discuss further reinforcements for Gascony, and Edward III's Seneschal is warned to expect either officials to come and sequester the duchy (in which case he was to humor them until more vigorous measures could be taken), or an armed invasion (in which case the Seneschal and the Bordeaux government was to resist with all available strength).
1330 15 October The Great Council meets as summoned to discuss the defense of Gascony.
1330 Mid-October Roger Mortimer has the principal members of Edward III's household interrogated before the Council, telling them that Edward (who was present for the proceedings) was untrustworthy, and accusing them of aiding him in a plot to overthrow the government.
1330 19 October The Great Council, summoned to discuss the defense of Gascony, disbands, having come to no conclusion.
1330 19 October Edward III with William Montague and several of his barons take Nottingham Castle by night, entering the inner bailey through an underground culvert. They seize Queen Isabella as she is preparing for bed, and Roger Mortimer, who was in the next room. Mortimer is placed under guard and sent to London pending a decision of his fate.
1330 20 October Roger Mortimer's supporters are rounded up and arrested.
1330 End of November Parliament meets in London, and condemns Roger Mortimer without a hearing. Queen Isabella is compelled to give back the riches gained in the last four years, and to retire to her estates at Hertford and Castle Rising.
1330 29 November Roger Mortimer has the dubious distinction of being the first person ever executed at Tyburn.
1330 End of the year Charles, Count d'Alençon and brother to King Philippe VI, marches south with an army.


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